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Chronic Pain & Its Symptoms

What is Chronic Pain?Any pain that lasts longer than three months is defined as chronic pain. It is now recognised as a genuine medical condition.

Chronic pain can be caused by a number of different factors including a back sprain caused by lifting something heavy, a whiplash injury, falling over, or an object falling on top of you. It can also appear as a result of a viral infection, brain abnormalities or an emotional trauma.

If you have had an accident and you still have pain after three months it’s recommended that you see your doctor. Chronic pain is thought to be caused by the nervous system which causes nerve impulses to send the brain messages about tissue damage that was never there in the first place, or that has come from a previous injury which has now healed. It is still a complex subject in the medical world and that is why it is sometimes so difficult to treat.

Examples of chronic pain are:


Fibromyalgia can develop on its own, without a known cause, or it can come about through accident or trauma. It can be caused by any of the factors named above, a fall, a whiplash injury, a sprain or by an object falling on top of you.

The pain has often been described as the kind of pain in your joints and muscles that you get with a really bad dose of flu. It is intense and it is sometimes worse in the mornings. The symptoms lead to other problems such as lack of sleep and fatigue.

Myofascial Pain Syndrome

This condition can be caused by muscle strain or injury and leads to pain in your muscles, which can flare up with stress or anxiety. It can give you painful symptoms in other parts of your body, which don’t seem to be related to the sensitive muscle points.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME)

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Fatigue is a long term tiredness throughout your whole body. It can give you muscle pain, exhaustion, headaches and cause lack of sleep. It can be brought on or made worse through an injury.

Chronic back pain

Chronic back pain effects your lower back and it makes sleeping comfortably extremely difficult. Lack of sleep then makes you anxious and unable to concentrate. Like ME it can brought on, or made worse by an injury.

Post whiplash injury syndrome

Whiplash can leave you with an aching neck and shoulders, ringing in your ears, dizziness and fatigue, which in turn can lead to stress, disturbed sleep and depression. You can suffer with whiplash as a result of tears to the tendons and the muscles in your neck.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

This is a type of arthritis that effects the spine, causing neck and lower back pain. It can be triggered by illness or injury. It sometimes causes the spine to curve or to fuse.

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome is caused by damage to the central nervous system. It affects your arms, legs, hands or feet and the pain varies in severity. It is usually brought about by an injury or a trauma.


The most common signs of Lupus are a rash on the face, fatigue, shortness of breath and headaches. You might also suffer from skin lesions and dry eyes. The condition occurs when the immune systems starts to attack healthy tissue. It can be brought on by injury and emotional stress.

Other Effects

The symptoms of chronic pain can be described as shooting pains, a burning sensation, aching, soreness, or stinging. It is not only the pain that effects your way of life. It can have a knock on effect and alter the way you live completely.

Lack of Sleep
For example pain effects your sleep patterns, maybe you don’t sleep as well as you used to, consequently when you wake up in the mornings you don’t feel rested.

Lack of sleep can lead to fatigue and this means that you don’t have the energy to do what you normally do through the day. You may not be able to work or look after your family.


Not being able to live your life as you did before you suffered from chronic pain can lead to depression. This means that you will withdraw from family and friends and you may become fearful and irritated. You may lose your job and stop going out altogether.

Lack of Libido
Chronic pain can affect your libido. This might cause problems as you may feel guilty, or your partner might not be understanding.

Family Stress
The fact that you are suffering will of course affect your family and that’s why it is important to recognise the symptoms of chronic pain and get the right treatment.

If you suffer from any of the above conditions, get in touch and share your story. You’ll find the address of each of our offices on the contact page. We would love to hear from you.




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